91+ Magento Interview Questions For Freshers And Experience 2020

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Magento 2 Interview Questions And Answers 2020

What is Magento?

Magento is an open supply E-commerce software program, created by Varien which is beneficial for on-line business and it has the versatile modular structure. It is scalable and it has many management choices that helps the consumer. Magento makes use of E-commerce platform which affords corporations final E-commerce options and intensive help community.

Why to make use of Magento?

  • The makes use of of Magento are:
  • Magento is open supply E-commerce software program.
  • It is scalable and affords small corporations to construct business.
  • It supplies the looking out and sorting of merchandise in a number of methods.
  • Easily integrates with most of the third-party websites that are wanted to run efficient E-commerce web site.
  • Using this, buyer can order or buy variety of merchandise. There are not any limits on variety of buying merchandise.

List the Web-Hosting websites of Magento?

The Web-Hosting websites of Magento are:

  • SiteFloor
  • BlueHost
  • HostGator
  • Inmotion
  • Arvixe
  • site5

What are disadvantages of Magento?

The disadvantages of Magento are:

  • Magento makes use of bigger disk house and reminiscence.
  • It takes a lot time to construct the custom-made performance.
  • It could be very gradual in comparison with different E-commerce websites.

It wants correct internet hosting atmosphere, if the internet hosting atmosphere is improper the consumer can face the issues.

Magento Interview Questions

Name the web-server that helps Magento?

The Web-server that helps Magento are:

  • Apache 2.x
  • Nginx 1.7.x

What are Magento merchandise?

Products are the objects or issues which can be bought in Magento. Product will be something that’s able to satisfying buyer wants. This consists of each bodily services and products.

Name the product sorts which can be out there in Magento?

The product sorts out there in Magento are:

  • Simple Products
  • Grouped Products
  • Configurable Products
  • Virtual Products
  • Bundled Products
  • Downloadable Products

What is Inventory?

Inventory permits setting a product’s inventory amount. For occasion, you may have a product with 100 items in inventory. If you set the inventory availability to “Out of Stock” then it can drive the merchandise to be out of inventory.

Name the classes of E-Commerce?

The classes of E-Commerce are:

  • Business to Business(B2B)
  • Business to Consumer(B2C)
  • Consumer to Consumer(C2C)
  • Consumer to Business(C2B)

What does Rate Percent imply in Manage Tax Rate window?

Rate Percent specify the % of the tax charge.

What does Priority subject specifies in Manage Tax Rules?

Priority subject specifies when the tax must be utilized to different tax guidelines.

Magento 2 Interview Questions

What is the used of Zero Subtotal Checkout panel?

The Zero Subtotal Checkout panel is a cost choice that shows when order whole is zero and never required to enter cost particulars for the client.

What is the used of 3D Secure Card validation subject in Saved CC?

It is further safety performance the place buyer wants to offer bank card password to finish the acquisition order.

Which are the strategies of PayPal Payment Gateways?

The two strategies of PayPal Payment Gateways are:

  • Payflow Pro (Includes Express Checkout)
  • Payflow Link (Includes Express Checkout)

What is Payflow Pro?

The Payflow Pro choice is customizable cost gateway which can be utilized with service provider account to course of bank card transactions.

What is Payflow Link?

Payflow Link choice typically known as as hosted cost gateway that retains buyer in your web site by offering quick and straightforward means so as to add transaction processing to your web site.

What is the usage of My Cart Link panel?

My Cart Link panel specifies whether or not the variety of portions within the cart must be proven or whether or not the variety of totally different merchandise must be proven utilizing the Display Cart Summaryfield.

What is Google checkout in Magento?

Google Checkout is on-line cost processing service supplied by Google. Magento permits integration of on-line shops with Google checkout. It is like PayPal that simplifies the method of paying for on-line purchases.

What is Magento Manage Order?

Order administration is vital factor which permits business to run easily and retains prospects completely happy, making them extra prone to go to your web site sooner or later.

Magento 2 Interview Questions For 5 Year Experience

What is Magento Google Analytics?

Google Analytics is a best Google service for individuals who are actively managing web sites and provides analytics to Magento retailer together with Ecommerce monitoring and conversions of their web sites.

What is the usage of Page Layout in Magento?

Layout recordsdata are helpful in rendering entrance pages of Magento.

What is Magento Content Management System(CMS)?

Magento CMS (Content Management System) part is used to handle all website online pages. It is a means of selling the merchandise by offering worthwhile info to the purchasers and will increase visibility to serps.

What are Static Blocks?

Static block is a chunk of content can be utilized wherever within the pages. Magento permits creating blocks of content that can be utilized by way of the shop and will be added to any web page or one other block.

What are Polls?

Polls are used to get buyer’s opinions and preferences. The ballot outcomes seem instantly after response is submitted.

How to Optimize the Magento Environment?

Following factors describe how you can optimize the Magento atmosphere:

  • It makes use of complicated database, in order that it must be run on devoted servers.
  • Magento software could possibly be optimized through the use of cloud computing.
  • Merge you JavaScript and CSS recordsdata which reduces the load time dramatically since its loading just one merged file.
  • Proper MySQL configuration is likely one of the most vital elements when it comes to efficiency.
  • Always improve to the newest Magento model permits to carry out higher.

How to Optimize Magento Configuration?

The following factors specify how you can optimize the magento configuration:

  • To pace up Magento efficiency, do not run mysql and net server on the identical machine.
  • Do not host recordsdata in your net server that you don’t use.
  • Optimization of session storage.
  • Enabling Magento flat catalog. (Magento makes use of a posh and resource-intensive Entity Attribute Value [or EAV] based mostly catalog). After preliminary catalog institution, enabling the flat catalog can dramatically enhance database querying time.
  • Identification and disabling of unused Magento modules.

What is the method of Code Optimization?

The strategy of Code Optimization are:

  • Removal of unused or pointless code processes.
  • To optimize Magento efficiency, JavaScript and CSS recordsdata must be compressed and aggregated.
  • Conformance of all web site photos to optimum net picture sizes.
  • Identification of bottlenecks(course of that causes the complete course of to decelerate or cease) processes in each front-end and back-end.

How to enhance the efficiency of database?

The following factors describe how you can enhance the efficiency of database:

  • Unused information should be cleaned up commonly for higher efficiency.
  • Optimization of database queries.
  • Configuration of setting and limits of the database server (e.g. reminiscence setting, question cache, type buffer optimization).

Which is the PHP model used for magento?

PHP 5.4 +

What is WSDL?

It stands for Web Services Description Language. It is used for describing net providers and how you can entry them.

What does Only X left Threshold means in Stock Option?

It is used to set threshold quantity. When the items of that product are drop to that quantity, it can show Only X left message on the product particulars web page.

Magento 2 Technical Interview Questions

What is Magento Payment Gateway?

Payment gateway processes the bank card information securely between buyer and service provider and in addition between service provider and the cost processor. It is like checkpoint that protects prospects in opposition to trying to assemble private and monetary info from prospects and in addition act as mediator between the service provider and sponsoring financial institution.

What is the method of Order Life cycle in Magento?

Orders observe a regular life cycle course of. When buyer place product orders, it arrive within the administration interface with a pending standing. When order is processed, the standing of order adjustments based on present state within the processing workflow. Once the bill is created for the order, the standing adjustments from pending to processing standing. Next it creates cargo for an order which adjustments the standing from pending to finish standing.

Which are the 2 sections current in Design Section?

The two sections current in Design part are:

  • Page Layout
  • Custom Design

What does the Page Layout part accommodates?

The Page Layout part accommodates a Layout choice which permits deciding on format as per your selection and Layout Update XML choice inserts the XML code.

What is the usage of Meta Data part whereas setup new pages?

The Meta Data part accommodates Keywords and outline of the web page.

How to subscribe to Newsletters utilizing Magento?

Customer can subscribe to Newsletters utilizing Magento. Customer can join the Newsletter when he creates a brand new buyer account which accommodates checkbox for signing up. For creating Newsletters it’s essential allow Newsletter choice in your magento to ensure that buyer has confirmed to obtain Newsletter.

How to optimize the Magento front-end efficiency?

The following factors present how you can optimize the Magento front-end efficiency:

  • Use the newest model of php, in an effort to carry out front-end operation a lot better and sooner. The latest launched model could trigger the errors, so rigorously learn the discharge notes and take a look at the brand new model.
  • Use the clear database to enhance the efficiency of magento. The database logs must be clear commonly. The database shops the robotically created logs to maintain observe of file session and interplay.

What is grouped product?

This is a bunch of straightforward merchandise. In this kind, you can not specify a selected value for product; you may simply specify the low cost.

Magento 2 Interview Questions And Answers

What is Configurable Products

In this kind, buyer can choose merchandise based on their shade and dimension earlier than buying.

Example: Cell telephones obtained in several colours and sizes.

What are Bundled merchandise?

Bundled merchandise are these merchandise which can’t be bought individually and would not give any selection for finish consumer.

What is the usage of Backorder subject in Product Stock Option Panel?

If it’s enabled, buyer should buy merchandise even when they’re out of inventory.

What are Tax guidelines?

Tax guidelines are entities that mix product tax lessons, buyer tax lessons and tax charges.

What is the usage of Manage retailer part?

Manage Stores part, you will note web site names, retailer names and Store View Name columns.

What is E-commerce?

E-commerce (Electronic Commerce) is a kind of business that includes the industrial transaction or buying or promoting of products and providers by way of digital channels often known as web.

What are the options of Magento?

The options of Magento are:

  • Magento supplies totally different cost strategies resembling bank cards, PayPal, cheques, money order, Google checkouts.
  • It supplies transport of merchandise in a single order to the a number of addresses.
  • Easy to handle the orders through the use of admin panel.
  • It filters the merchandise and shows in grid or checklist format.

What are some great benefits of Magento?

The benefits of magento are:

  • It is consumer pleasant E-commerce software program.
  • It is appropriate with Smartphone’s, tablets and different cell units.
  • It supplies a number of cost choices so each customer could make cost based mostly on their most popular cost gateway.
  • It has many extensions which helps for the event of an internet retailer.

What database does Magento helps?

MySql Database

Which is the MySql model used for magento?

MySQL 5.1

What is Consumer to Business?

This transaction is between shopper or buyer and business or corporations the place shopper makes a product that the corporate makes use of to finish business.

Magento 2 Interview Questions For 3 Year Experience

What was the preliminary launch date of Magento?

Magento was initially launched on 31st March, 2008.

Describe numerous variations of Magento.

Following are the totally different variations of Magento:

  • Magento Enterprise Edition
  • Magento Community Edition
  • Magento Professional Edition
  • Magento .go Edition

Explain the structure of Magento

Magento is a typical MVC software the place controller stays at one place whereas the fashions on the different.

What is the expertise utilized by Magento?

In Magento, PHP is used as a scripting language whereas MySQL is used because the database.

Explain some options of Magento?

Magento has following primary options.

  • Search engine optimisation Friendly
  • Google sitemap help
  • Accounts of Customers
  • Managing orders
  • Report and evaluation
  • Site administration
  • Payment
  • Marketing promotion and instruments
  • International help
  • Extremely modular structure

What are the constraints of Magento?

There are the next limitations of Magento.

  • Due to the truth that it’s written in PHP, it’s slower in efficiency as evaluate to different platforms.
  • It consumes more room within the reminiscence. It can eat gigabytes of RAM throughout heavy processes.
  • In the absence of Object oriented programming, it may grow to be complicated.

How are you able to enhance efficiency of Magento?

There are numerous methods to enhance Magento efficiency.

  • Disable any unused modules
  • Magento Caching
  • Optimize your Server
  • Use a Content Delivery Network (CDN)
  • Put Stylesheets on the Top
  • Put Scripts on the Bottom
  • Avoid CSS Expressions
  • Disabling Magento Log
  • enhance the picture

How are you able to make Magento safer for shopper

You can use following directions to enhance the safety of magneto.

  • Have some complicated passwords and alter them time to time.
  • Do not let the Magento Content Manager remotely accessed.
  • Don’t present the obtain amenities on manufacturing websites.
  • 10) What kind of net purposes are created in Magento.
  • Magento is especially used for purchasing cart software program.

What is EAV in Magento?

EAV stands for Entity Attribute Value. It is a method that facilitates customers so as to add limitless columns to their desk just about.

Magento 2 Interview Questions For 2 Year Experience

How many tables can be created in EAV module in Magento? Name them.

EAV module will create 6 tables in database.

They are as follows:

  • module
  • module_datetime
  • module_decimal
  • module_int
  • module_text
  • module_varchar

Explain the distinction between EAV and flat mannequin

EAV database mannequin is totally in normalized kind. Each column’s worth is saved of their respective information kind desk which makes it extra complicated as they’ve to affix 5-6 tables even in the event you want just one element. In EAV, columns are known as attributes.

Flat mannequin makes use of only one desk. It will not be normalized and makes use of extra database house. It will not be good for dynamic necessities the place you might have so as to add some extra columns in future. Its efficiency is quick because it wants just one question as an alternative of becoming a member of 5-6 tables. In flat mannequin, columns are known as fields.

Magento 1 Interview Questions

What are Magento product sorts?

  • Magento easy product: It is used for a single merchandise with none particular selectable variations. For instance, a pen, copy, and so forth.
  • Magento grouped product: It is used for a mixture of Magento easy product. For instance, a pen and duplicate collectively.
  • Magento configurable product: It is used for a single merchandise with particular selectable variations. For instance, a pen with totally different shade choices.
  • Magento digital product: It is used for a digital merchandise i.e: non touchable merchandise. For instance, reservation, insurance coverage, and so forth.
  • Magento bundle product: It is used for a bundle of straightforward merchandise. For instance, laptop computer with numerous objects resembling processor, laborious disk, RAM, and so forth.
  • Magento downloadable product: It is used for on-line software program objects. For instance, PowerPoint presentation, MP3 recordsdata, servers, and so forth

Explain the distinction between Mage::getModel() and Mage::getSingletone() in Magento.

Mage::getModel(): It creates a brand new object.
Mage::getSingletone(): It first checks the existence of object and if object doesn?t exist, then it creates a brand new one.

Explain ORM in Magento.

ORM stands for Object Relational Mapping. It is a programming method used to transform various kinds of information into objects and vice versa.

There are two varieties of ORM:

  • Converts various kinds of information into objects.
  • Converts objects to varied varieties of information.

Explain totally different modules in Magento

  • Core modules
  • Commercial modules
  • Community modules

How to vary theme for login customers?

To change theme for login customers,

if(Mage::getSingleton(‘buyer/session’)->isLoggedIn()):
Mage::getDesign()->setPackageName(‘package_name’)->setTheme(‘themename’);
endif;
19) How are you able to add an exterior JavaScript/ CSS file to Magento?
css/yourstyle.css
or

skin_jsjs/ yourfile.js
skin_csscss/yourstyle. css
20) State the syntax to name a CMS web page in your module’s PHTML file.
$this->getLayout()->createBlock(‘cms/block’)->setBlockId(‘blockidentifier’)->toHtml();

When it’s essential clear the cache to see the adjustments made in Magento?

When you may have added or modified XML, CSS or JS recordsdata.

How to run customized question in Magento?

To run customized question,

$db = Mage::getSingleton(‘core/useful resource’)->getConnection(‘core_write’);
$end result=$db->question(‘SELECT * FROM customers the place id=4’);

How to allow product’s customized attribute visibility in frontend?

In Manage Attributes part below customized attribute, choose Yes for “Visible on Product View Page on Frontend” and “Used in Product Listing”.

Magento 2 Developer Interview Questions

State whether or not namespace is obligatory whereas making a customized module in Magento?

No, namespace will not be obligatory whereas creating customized module.

Is it attainable to have multiple grid in Magento?

Yes it’s attainable.

List the magic strategies in Magento?

Magic strategies in Magento:

  • __get()
  • __set()
  • __isset()
  • __call()
  • __tostring()
  • __construct()
  • __has()
  • __uns()

How many varieties of periods are there? Why we use totally different periods in Magento?

There are particularly three periods in Magento:

  • buyer session
  • checkout session
  • core session

All these periods are saved in a single session solely. We use totally different periods as a result of generally we have to clear solely a selected session information and never all session information.

How are you able to reset Magento Files and Directory permissions?

Change the listing to the listing the place Magento is put in and execute the next instructions.

  • discover. -type d -exec chmod 755
  • chmod+x magento

How to make Magento working with one other area?

To let the Magento working with one other area, URL choice of Magento base will be modified.

Follow these steps:

  • choose Magento admin -? System ? configuration after which click on Web.
  • Choose unsecure choice
  • Replace the bottom URL filed

How will you get first and final merchandise from the gathering in Magento?

$collection->getFirstItem() and $collection->getLastItem();

Explain the usage of namespace in Magento?

Magento core modules are positioned in mage namespace, core/Mage/Catalog and all customized modules are positioned in native/CustomModule.

You can have multiple module with identical title however they must be positioned in several namespaces.

Magento 2 Advanced Interview Questions

Explain handles in Magento?

Handles management the construction of the web page to be displayed. It decides which block can be positioned the place within the web page. Handle is named for each web page and each web page request can have a number of distinctive handles.

Explain compilation function in Magento?

Compilation function permits us to compile all Magento recordsdata to create a single embody path to extend efficiency.

How to allow Maintenance mode in Magento?

Create a file named as upkeep.flag and add it to Magento dwelling listing containing following code.

$maintenanceFile = ‘upkeep.flag’;

if (file_exists($maintenanceFile)) {
include_once dirname(__FILE__) . ‘/errors/503.php’;
exit;
}

How to transform default foreign money to others in Magento?

To convert default foreign money to others, choose the foreign money and import foreign money charges from System-> Manage currency-> Rates.

Syntax:

$convertedPrice = Mage::helper(‘listing’)->currencyConvert($value, currentCurrency, newCurrency);

Explain Google checkout in Magento.

Magento permits the combination of on-line shops with Google checkout. Google checkout is the net funds service supplied by the Google. It works like PayPal.

Explain how you can change Magento core API setting?

You should observe these steps to vary Magento core API setting.

  • Go to Admin menu, select System -> Configuration
  • Select Magento Core API on the left facet of the Configuration Panel, below Services
  • Click on to develop the General Settings part
  • Type title of the Default Response Charset that you just need to use
  • Determine the Client Session Timeout in seconds
  • Click the Save Config button when accomplished

Can all billing info be managed by way of Magento?

You can do the next issues by way of shopper Magento account:

  • You can replace your billing deal with.
  • You can add a bank card.
  • You can view your billing historical past.
  • You can add a PayPal account.
  • You can produce a print prepared receipt.

Magento Interview Questions And Answers

What are some great benefits of making use of Connect Patches in Magento?

In Magento, making use of Connect Patches supplies following options:

  • Enable straightforward set up of packages with set up and overwrite any current translations for a similar time.
  • Enhance safety, by default Magento Connect makes use of HTTP to obtain extensions as an alternative of FTP.
  • Facilitate the extension builders to create new extensions with a touch character within the title.
  • Magento directors can be knowledgeable now who tries to put in an extension with inadequate file system privileges.

How to fetch 5 bestsellers merchandise programmatically in Magento?

Mage::getResourceModel(‘studies/product_collection’)
->addOrderedQty()
->addAttributeToSelect(‘*’)
->setPage(1, 5)
->load();

What is codePool?

Code pool is an idea to tug the code in Magento structured format. It is specified whenever you register new module in app/and so forth/modules/Company_Module.xml

There are Three codePools in Magento: core, group and native, which reside at app/code/ listing.

CodeSwimming pools:

_community: It is usually utilized by third occasion extensions.

_core: It is utilized by Magento core staff.

_local: Local codePool must be used for in-hour module growth and overriding of core and group modules for customized requirement.

Residing listing:

_app

_code

So in brief, you may say that codePool helps Magento to find module inside app/code/ for processing


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